2020 Annual Meeting Poster: Francesca Duncan

2020 Annual Meeting Poster: Francesca Duncan

Presentation Title: Health Disparities in Lung Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment: A Single Center Retrospective Study from a Central Indiana Hospital

Author Name(s): Francesca Duncan, MD MS1; Andrew Killion1; Nawar Al Nasrallah, MD1; Ahmad Al-Hader, MD2; Catherine Sears, MD1

Author Department and School Affiliation: Indiana University School of Medicine Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine1; Indiana University School of Medicine Division of Hematology and Oncology2

Abstract: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the United States for men and women. African Americans are disproportionately affected with lung cancer, having higher incidence and mortality rates compared to Caucasian men and women. Several studies are looking for genetic differences to explain the etiology of the disparity, while others are examining how socioeconomic and environmental factors contribute to lung cancer disparities. Current lung cancer screening guidelines have recently shown that high risk African Americans may be missed based on current guidelines. This retrospective study was designed to analyze demographic features, including stage at diagnosis, treatment, and mortality, to assess potential reasons for the disparity that exist. 3400 lung cancer patients from January 2000 – May 2015 were reviewed from the IU Simon Cancer Center Registry. We hypothesized that African Americans would have increased mortality, higher lung cancer stage at the time of diagnosis, and less timely, stage appropriate treatment. Our study showed that African Americans had less time between time of diagnosis and death compared to Caucasians. We also showed that African Americans had less stage appropriate treatment compared to Caucasians for all lung cancer stages. Further studies will seek to examine potential reasons for these differences.

|2020-09-09T18:10:54-04:00September 2nd, 2020|Annual Meeting Posters|0 Comments

About the Author: James Dudley

James Dudley

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