COVID-19: Expert Review of Relevant and Emerging Literature

COVID-19: Expert Reviews of Relevant and Emerging Literature2020-08-17T11:22:55-04:00

The focus of this week’s post is school leaders’ decisions on the return to in-person schooling, including whether, when, and how to structure the return to school. To inform these conversations, the nation’s health protection agency issued recommendations, a research center scanned and summarized school district plans, and two new studies quantified the risk associated with school connections.

CDC Guidance for School Decision-Makers

Clinical characteristics

This cross-sectional study examined racial/ethnic variation in nasal gene expression of trans-membrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2). Within the 305 individuals with tissue samples (nasal epithelium collected during 2015-2018),  TMPRSS2 expression was significantly higher in Black individuals compared with all others (all P <0.001). TMPRSS2 has an essential role in SARS-CoV-2 entry into tissues, so it is possible that higher nasal expression of TMPRSS2 could contribute to the more severe infections among Black individuals.

Case Reports

RCT’s of therapeutic interventions against COVID-19

Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19

Free Covid-19 Law Conference, September 16-17

The Network for Public Health Law is holding a two day Virtual Summit on Covid-19 Response and Recovery this week, September 16 & 17. The conference is free, but registration is required. You can register for the summit here.

Resource Allocation

This ethics roundtable by Baumrucker et al. discusses the difficult case of critical care resource priority in the context of COVID-19, presenting a case in which an otherwise healthy 59-year-old and a 17-year-old both require ventilator care with only one machine available. The roundtable provides assessments of the case from:

COVID-19 effects on neurological conditions

Unique Educational and Persuasive Approaches from Other Countries

In a unique approach to persuade individuals to comply with recommended preventive measures to reduce the spread of COVID-19, the Quebec government partnered with local music artists to communicate its message. Music proved to be a resource that allowed for the rapid and massive dissemination of information to multiple audiences. Using evidence-based strategies, the careful manipulation of emotional and structural musical parameters allowed this powerful tool to capture attention, connect and communicate with at-risk populations, and increase favorable perceptions and behaviors.

Opening Schools Safely

As students across the country begin the 2020-21 school year, it looks very different from the start of school in fall 2019. While back-to-school is taking many forms this year – from all virtual, to hybrid, to rotating schedules – we have some guidance from across the globe that can help guide the return to school buildings, either now or in the future.

Clinical Characteristics

Learning Losses

Resource Allocation

Updates to seasonal influenza vaccine practices during the COVID-19 pandemic

Clinical Characteristics

This prospective observational cohort study describes the clinical characteristics of 651 children and adolescents from England, Wales, and Scotland, of which 52 met WHO criteria for MIS-C. In addition to the WHO diagnostic criteria, children with MIS-C were more like to present with fatigue (51% (24/47) vs 28% (86/302);

Daily Digest Links
Creative Commons License The literature reviews on this blog were created under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License , which allows the reuse and adaptation of the work by noncommercial entities. These rights do not extend to the articles that the authors are reviewing.

Get Involved with Indiana CTSI