COVID-19: Expert Reviews of Relevant and Emerging Literature2021-04-28T15:30:24-04:00

This Health Affairs post urges that state Departments of Health to provide “consistent standardized public reporting on cumulative COVID-19 hospitalizations, cumulative COVID-19 patients admitted to the ICU, current COVID-19 patients hospitalized, and current COVID-19 patients in the ICU.”

In this Australian news article, health care providers demand government officials to provide consistent information related to COVID-19.

Other countries can learn from the ineffectiveness of the inconsistent messages Australian government leaders and public health officials have been disseminating. General practitioners expressed frustration over the lack of consistent advice being given to health professionals and the public. Without consistent messages, health care providers are unsure of how best to protect themselves and their patients during the spread of COVID-19. Up-to-date, unified information must be communicated clearly by both the government and public health organizations.

Published on  :  | By Seema Mohapatra

Review: The pandemic’s missing data

This op-ed in the New York Times by Dr. Aletha Maybank, Chief Health Equity Officer of the American Medical Association, urges ” laboratories, health institutions, state and local health departments and the Department of Health and Human Services to standardize, collect and publish race and ethnicity data … to prioritize equity and effectively manage this pandemic.”

This forthcoming article from the Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine argues that, in allocating scarce resources, determining a patient’s potential to benefit from treatment should rely on a structured, evidence-based, and global assessment of frailty that accounts for more than simply the patient’s age.

This study describes the development the COVID-19 Symptom Tracker mobile application launched in the UK on March 24, 2020 and the US on March 29, 2020 that has more than 2.25 million users to date.

This study provides further evidence that serological testing is an effective diagnostic means for COVID, and showed that the positive rate and titer variance of IgG are higher than IgM.

Researchers retrospectively reviewed 43 patients with COVID-19 and 33 patients with suspected infection who were later excluded.  They measured the IgM/IgG titers by chemiluminescence immunoassay analysis.

This article reports on the potential that ventilators may be reallocated from long-term care facilities to hospitals to respond to resource scarcity due to COVID-19 case surge, including the controversial possibility of disconnecting ventilators currently in use by long-term ventilator-dependent patients.

This draft legal analysis addresses whether existing protocols for rationing scarce resources comply with moral principles and with anti-discrimination laws, including the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and concludes that existing approaches adopting a utilitarian approach will have the effect of discriminating against persons with disabilities and therefore fail to meet ethical and legal requirements.

This article highlights the ineffective risk communication used in Wuhan, China, amidst the COVID-19 outbreak and offers recommendations for effective message-centered communication.

Based on the effective and ineffective communication strategies implemented in Wuhan, China during the COVID-19 pandemic, a simplified Government-Expert-Public risk communication model was designed to illustrate a collaborative network for effective risk communication. Utilizing a message-centered approach provides scientific and systemic methods to communicate risk effectively. The following are nine evidence-based, message-centered best practices for risk communication:

This report uses online search traffic data from Google to tracking the spread of COVID-19.

Infodemiology, i.e. information epidemiology, uses Web-based data in order to inform public health and policy. Infodemiology metrics have been widely and successfully employed in order to assess and forecast epidemics and outbreaks.

In light of the recent COVID-19 pandemic that started in Wuhan, China, in 2019, this report online search traffic data from Google are used aiming at tracking the spread of the new Coronavirus.

This study quantified child-care obligations for US health-care workers arising from school closures and estimated the trade-off between reduced COVID-19 transmission and the role of health-care labor in cumulative mortality. The study describes scenarios in which school closures, in the absence of other child-care options, could either increase COVID-19 mortality by reducing the health-care labor force or decrease COVID-19 mortality by reducing cases. At this time, there is great uncertainty about whether school closures will ultimately reduce or increase COVID-19 mortality.

This preliminary description of pediatric U.S. COVID-19 cases reports that relatively few children with COVID-19 are hospitalized, and fewer children than adults experience fever, cough, or shortness of breath. The report also describes severe outcomes reported in children, including three deaths.

Data from China suggest that pediatric COVID-19 cases might be less severe than cases in adults and that children (persons aged <18 years) might experience different symptoms than adults.

This letter to the editor reports on the health effects of exposure to new coverage of COVID-19 and offers recommendations for government and public health officials to lessen public anxiety.

This peer-reviewed commentary provides evidence-based strategies local health and civic leaders can use to communicate public health information in rural areas.

Local health and civic leaders are critically important in communicating risk and the importance of adopting prevention practices to limit the spread of COVID-19, especially to rural residents who may not perceive themselves at risk. Currently, rural areas are seeing fewer confirmed cases of the virus, which provides an opportunity to mitigate further spread into these areas. Based on previous research, the following communicative strategies are recommended:

This post suggests that in order to improve care for pregnant and postpartum women in light of the COVID-19 Pandemic, state Medicaid programs should implement presumptive eligibility for pregnant women, increase the income limits for pregnancy-related Medicaid, expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act, broaden telehealth coverage and reimbursement, and increase access to Medicaid family planning programs.

This article describes efforts by the Trump administration to use the Defense Production Act to compel N95 respirator manufacturer 3M to increase importation to the US of respirators the company manufacturers overseas and allegedly to stop exporting US-made respirators to Canada and Latin American countries.

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Creative Commons License The literature reviews on this blog were created under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License , which allows the reuse and adaptation of the work by noncommercial entities. These rights do not extend to the articles that the authors are reviewing.

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