Jo, Soojung: Examining the Factors Associated with Handwashing Behaviors in Korea: An Analysis of the Community Health Survey

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Jo, Soojung: Examining the Factors Associated with Handwashing Behaviors in Korea: An Analysis of the Community Health Survey

Submission

Title:

Examining the Factors Associated with Handwashing Behaviors in Korea: An Analysis of the Community Health Survey

Co-Authors:

Jo, Soojung, Purdue University; Soo-Yeon Han, Bucheon University; Nancy Howe, Edson College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University

Abstract

Background/Significance/Rationale: Handwashing is an effective preventive behavior for droplet and airborne transmitted diseases such as Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19). However, research indicates reduced handwashing behaviors among Korean adults. This study aims to analyze factors that impede handwashing behaviors as a preventive measure for COVID-19 infection based on the Health Belief Model and Theory of Planned Behavior.

Methods: This study utilized the Community Health Survey that was developed by Disease Control and Prevention Agency and conducted in Korea in 2020. In total, 228,344 cases were analyzed. Handwashing behaviors, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, subjective norm, and influenza vaccination were included in the regression analysis using weighing strategy by stratification and domain analysis.

Results/Findings: People who did not receive an influenza vaccination, who are older, and who are male were less likely to wash their hands. Perceived susceptibility (I am worried about being infected with COVID-19) and subjective norm (I am worried about being criticized or being blamed by my social network and my work colleagues if I become infected with COVID-19) were positively associated with handwashing behaviors. However, perceived severity (I am worried about dying if I become infected with COVID-19) was negatively associated with handwashing behaviors.

Conclusions/Discussion: Uncertainty and being worried about infection caused by an infectious disease outbreak may impact the public’s awareness and, as a result, an outbreak may increase handwashing behavior. However, fatalistic thinking, such as worrying about dying due to the infection, may lower their motivation to engage in handwashing. Increasing public awareness of handwashing increases subject norm and creates the shared norm in their communities.

Translational/Human Health Impact: Promoting public awareness of the importance of handwashing and proper handwashing techniques plays an important role in emphasizing the subjective norm and ultimately increase handwashing behaviors within the community to prevent transmission of infectious diseases.

Video

|2022-08-31T17:25:40-04:00August 23rd, 2022|2022 Annual Meeting Presentations|Comments Off on Jo, Soojung: Examining the Factors Associated with Handwashing Behaviors in Korea: An Analysis of the Community Health Survey

About the Author:

James Dudley

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