This commentary argues that news literacy and science literacy are needed for social media users to identify, consume, and share high-quality information.
Social media has amplified and exacerbated the spread of misinformation and uncertainty about COVID-19. Building news literacy and science literacy can improve information consumption processes on social media. If users have the necessary tools to identify, consume, and share information, they can reduce the spread of erroneous information about COVID-19. Interventions that translate news literacy into behaviors have shown to be effective. Providing tips for identifying misinformation (e.g., double-checking sources, being aware of reactions, watching for red flags) has helped individuals correctly assess the credibility of information. Additionally, helping the public understand the scientific process can facilitate acceptance of evolving recommendations. Increasing literacy not only helps users become critical consumers of information, but it also empowers them to improve the information environment for others as well.