This systematic review evaluates the clinical features of pediatric patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
While data are available for adult patients with COVID-19, limited reports have analyzed pediatric patients infected with SARS-CoV-2.
The authors reviewed 18 studies with 1065 participants, published from December 1, 2019 to March 13, 2020.
They found that most children with COVID-19 presented with mild symptoms, if any, generally required supportive care only, and typically had a good prognosis and recovered within 1 to 2 weeks.
Mild symptoms included fever, dry cough, and fatigue. Many were were asymptomatic. 1 infant presented with pneumonia, complicated by shock and kidney failure, and was successfully treated with intensive care. Most pediatric patients were hospitalized, and symptomatic children received mainly supportive care; no deaths were reported in the age range of 0 to 9 years.