This rapid evidence review determined that people vary widely in their adherence to quarantine recommendations and provides recommendations for public health officials to improve compliance.
Because adhering to quarantine can be difficult, the researchers wanted to assess what factors contribute to greater compliance with self-isolation recommendations. They found that adherence was mainly associated with knowledge, social norms, perceived benefits and risks, and practical influences. To increase the likelihood of individuals adhering to guidelines during the COVID-19 pandemic, the researchers urge public health officials to disseminate timely, clear information about what to do and why to do it. They also note that it is important to emphasize altruistic social norms, increase understanding of the benefit to not only oneself but also to others, and ensure essential food and medication are accessible.