COVID-19: Expert Review of Relevant and Emerging Literature

COVID-19: Expert Reviews of Relevant and Emerging Literature2020-08-17T11:22:55-04:00

A previous post highlighted efforts to track COVID-19 cases connected to K-12 schools, and now more evidence is available on the role of in-person schooling in community spread. Much of the new research suggests that students in schools are not contributing to COVID-19 transmission above and beyond what is already happening outside of school building walls, but there are some important caveats when considering this evidence in school reopening/closing decisions.

Schools Have Not Sped the Spread

Thromboprophylaxis treatment in critically ill COVID-19 patients

Student Engagement During COVID-19 

The pandemic presents many challenges for schools in monitoring and measuring student engagement. With new modes of instruction, often mixed within a school and even an individual classroom, capturing student attendance and engagement with instruction, assignments, and discussion is difficult. School administrators and teachers are struggling to assess student interaction and progress in a meaningful, fair, and equitable way for students facing different challenges and engaged in different instructional approaches.

Parent Plans for Student Enrollment

Worker Safety

A lawsuit in an Oregon Federal Court highlights concerns about failing to adequately engage non-English speaking workers in workplace pandemic safety efforts. During the COVID-19 pandemic, food processing plants have been a frequent outbreak hot spots, and such environments employ a significant number of non-English speaking employees. As discussed by Bloomberg News,

In-home testing kits for COVID-19

Covid-19 Vaccine Distribution Recommendations

COVID-19 and Women’s Employment

Friday’s release of U.S. employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics included some startling numbers about women’s labor force participation. 865,000 women dropped out of the labor force in September as compared to 216,000 men, evidence suggestive of the disproportionate burden faced by women with children during this pandemic. COVID-induced childcare needs and schooling disruptions present challenges for families which appear to be largely absorbed by women. Recent research sheds light on this differential economic impact, including its magnitude, causes, and long-term consequences.

Maternal Employment and Work Hours

Message Approaches to Conspiracy Theories and Political Climate

Clinical Characteristics

Within a cohort study of 1641 adult patients with SARS-CoV-2, an elevated red blood cell distribution width (RDW) at admission and increasing RDW during hospitalization were associated with statistically higher increased in mortality risk.  

Within this meta-analysis that pooled data from 7503 individuals with SARS-CoV-2 and 2,962,160 controls , researchers found that  SARS-CoV-2 positive individuals are more likely to have blood group A (pooled OR 1.23, 95%CI: 1.09–1.40) and less likely to have blood group O (pooled OR = 0.77, 95%CI: 0.67–0.88).

In the past week, the fruits of several efforts to track COVID-19 cases in elementary and secondary schools emerged. More tools to support school administrators in their efforts during these challenging times—through the use of policy-relevant research and evidence—are also circulating.

Tracking Schools’ COVID-19 Cases

Nursing Home Quality & Safety

Clinical Characteristics:

Within this surveillance cohort of 598 hospitalized pregnant women with COVID-19, 55% were asymptomatic at admission. Among these pregnant women, 2% had pregnancy losses during COVID-19-associated hospitalizations and were experienced by both symptomatic and asymptomatic women.

Inflammation:

Daily Digest Links
Creative Commons License The literature reviews on this blog were created under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License , which allows the reuse and adaptation of the work by noncommercial entities. These rights do not extend to the articles that the authors are reviewing.

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