COVID-19: Expert Reviews of Relevant and Emerging Literature2020-08-17T11:22:55-04:00

This week’s summary highlights a few burning questions that have persisted throughout the pandemic – how COVID-19 has affected (1) employment, especially that of parents of school-age children, (2) students’ mental health and wellbeing, and (3) college life.

How is the economy, and particularly the labor market, doing?

Impact of cardiovascular disease on COVID-19

In this systematic review, the association of cardiovascular disease on COVID-19 is discussed. Researchers have found that underlying cardiovascular disease increases risk for infection and speculate that the virus and its receptor, inflammatory factors, stress response, hypoxic environment, and drug administration may affect development of adverse cardiac events. The article goes on to review the latest research on the relationship between COVID-19 and cardiovascular complications as well as possible treatment mechanisms. Clinical data supports the correlation between COVID-19 and cardiovascular complications and lead to higher mortality risks and poor prognosis.

Ethics and Law of Requiring Proof of Immunity to Access Public Places

Notre Dame, Rutgers, Duke, and Brown are among the higher education institutions that will require students demonstrate they have been immunized against Covid-19. Meanwhile, while New York has implemented a “Vaccine Passport” program, the Governors of Texas and Florida have passed executive orders banning various entities from doing so.

What are “Vaccine Passports” or “Vaccine Certificates”? Can or should universities or businesses require proof of vaccination before allowing access? Should government be issuing such requirements, or barring them?

Intellectual Humility

Understanding the psychology of vaccination attitudes is arguably more important now than ever.

The authors of this article examine intellectual humility’s relationship with COVID-19 anti-vaccination and hesitant attitudes and intention to vaccinate using hierarchical regression and bivariate correlations.  The authors define intellectual humility as a four-facet conceptualization:

As numerous studies have shown that just more than half of Americans report intending to get the COVID-19 vaccine, this week’s review focuses on vaccine hesitancy and how effective communication strategies can increase vaccine uptake.

Reasons for Anti-Vaccination Perspectives

The Beginning

Trends in Correctional Facilities

In February, the U.S. Department of Education (ED) announced the first systematic effort to collect nationally representative data on the status of school reopening and instructional modes across the country. Last week, the first results were released with data from 3,300 schools (of 5,000 surveyed) in 42 states. The data is available, and will be updated, at the School Survey Dashboard. Among the findings, 78% of 4th grade students and 74% of 8th grade students are in schools where hybrid or full-time in-person learning is available to some or all students. There are some

Spring Break & COVID-19

Vitamin D 

This week, the CDC issued revised guidance for schools on safe, in-person operation. The main change is a reduction in the physical distancing recommendations from at least 6 feet of space between students in classrooms to at least 3 feet, though there are also recommendations for when maintaining a minimum distance of 6 feet is still recommended. Notably, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that schools implement 3 to 6 feet of physical distancing and the World Health Organization suggests 1 meter, or 3.3 feet, between students in schools.

Vaccination of Health Care Workers & Vaccine Mandates

A new Kaiser Family Foundation/Washington Post Frontline Health Care Workers Survey found more than 4 in 10 health care workers nationwide remain unvaccinated against the coronavirus. 1 in 8 health care workers indicate they haven’t yet decided whether or not they will pursue vaccination, and nearly 1 in 5 state they have no intention of getting the shot(s).

Neurological manifestation of SARS-CoV-2: Inflammation and therapeutics

Last week, Congress passed, and President Biden signed into law, the American Rescue Plan Act. The legislation has pronounced implications for schools and students with substantial dollars targeted to K-12 education and higher education, funding to support the childcare industry, and an expanded child tax credit. The nearly $130 billion heading to K-12 school districts constitutes the largest single federal outlay in history, and is earmarked for facilitating safe in-person reopening and providing resources to redress learning setbacks caused by pandemic-induced schooling disruptions.

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Creative Commons License The literature reviews on this blog were created under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License , which allows the reuse and adaptation of the work by noncommercial entities. These rights do not extend to the articles that the authors are reviewing.

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