This research article identifies five critical dimensions that must be addressed for health systems to be able to successfully adapt and respond to crises.
Three primary and two secondary dimensions must be attended to for a health care system faced with a shock, such as a global pandemic, to not only survive but also to become more resilient. Using data from past experiences (i.e., Ebola virus outbreak in Africa, climate change disasters, refugee and immigration crisis in Europe, and financial crisis in Europe), researchers determined that emphasis must be placed on intervening at the core areas of health systems: health information systems, funding and financial mechanisms, and health workforce. Additionally, good governance and aligning policy with values underlying health systems will affect the success of any intervention. Government action is critical in implementing and coordinating responses to crises. Even knowing these lessons from previous crises, leaders must take context into consideration when responding to promote health systems resilience.