COVID-19: Expert Review of Relevant and Emerging Literature

COVID-19: Expert Reviews of Relevant and Emerging Literature2022-01-28T11:27:57-05:00

This page has been archived. Last updated as of 22 Jan 2022 and may no longer be relevant

When Can We Declare the Pandemic Over?

Back in January, the Biden Administration released the first parts of its plan to “beat” Covid-19. What, exactly does “beat” mean? While this sounds like the beginning of a graduate seminar discussion, as our own Dr. Aaron Carroll discusses in the New York Times piece linked above: we should have a more concrete answer to this question.

This week, the focus is on remediating student learning setbacks due to the COVID-19 pandemic, especially in light of states’ planning for use of American Rescue Plan funding for schools. In addition, the CDC updated guidance on safely operating summer camps for youth.

Making Up Ground on Student Learning

Acute kidney injury in COVID-19

Data is continually emerging on how students are faring academically as the COVID-19 pandemic continues. From the near-universal school closures in March 2020 through widespread disruptions and shifting instructional modes throughout the 2020–21 school year, students’ educational progress has been affected, but researchers continue to study how and how much.

Documenting Learning in the Time of COVID-19

Risk of mortality in patients with COVID-19 with use of NSAID’s

Maternal Outcomes

With every person in the U.S. aged 16 and older now eligible to be vaccinated against Covid-19, there is increased focus on steps being taken to encourage or require vaccination. Below are a few updates on employer policies and University mandates:

Vaccination – Employer Paid Sick Leave & Incentives to Get Shots

To maximize the number of people who get protected against Covid-19 through vaccination will require identifying and knocking down obstacles to their access.

Machine Learning

Resource Allocation and Crisis Standards of Care

This week’s summary focuses on indoor air quality as a critical part of reducing within-school and within-classroom virus transmission risk.

This week’s summary highlights a few burning questions that have persisted throughout the pandemic – how COVID-19 has affected (1) employment, especially that of parents of school-age children, (2) students’ mental health and wellbeing, and (3) college life.

How is the economy, and particularly the labor market, doing?

Impact of cardiovascular disease on COVID-19

In this systematic review, the association of cardiovascular disease on COVID-19 is discussed. Researchers have found that underlying cardiovascular disease increases risk for infection and speculate that the virus and its receptor, inflammatory factors, stress response, hypoxic environment, and drug administration may affect development of adverse cardiac events. The article goes on to review the latest research on the relationship between COVID-19 and cardiovascular complications as well as possible treatment mechanisms. Clinical data supports the correlation between COVID-19 and cardiovascular complications and lead to higher mortality risks and poor prognosis.

Ethics and Law of Requiring Proof of Immunity to Access Public Places

Notre Dame, Rutgers, Duke, and Brown are among the higher education institutions that will require students demonstrate they have been immunized against Covid-19. Meanwhile, while New York has implemented a “Vaccine Passport” program, the Governors of Texas and Florida have passed executive orders banning various entities from doing so.

What are “Vaccine Passports” or “Vaccine Certificates”? Can or should universities or businesses require proof of vaccination before allowing access? Should government be issuing such requirements, or barring them?

Intellectual Humility

Understanding the psychology of vaccination attitudes is arguably more important now than ever.

The authors of this article examine intellectual humility’s relationship with COVID-19 anti-vaccination and hesitant attitudes and intention to vaccinate using hierarchical regression and bivariate correlations.  The authors define intellectual humility as a four-facet conceptualization:

As numerous studies have shown that just more than half of Americans report intending to get the COVID-19 vaccine, this week’s review focuses on vaccine hesitancy and how effective communication strategies can increase vaccine uptake.

Reasons for Anti-Vaccination Perspectives

Creative Commons License The literature reviews on this blog were created under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License , which allows the reuse and adaptation of the work by noncommercial entities. These rights do not extend to the articles that the authors are reviewing.

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