Review: Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome related to COVID-19 in previously healthy children and adolescents in New York City

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Review: Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome related to COVID-19 in previously healthy children and adolescents in New York City

Review: Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome related to COVID-19 in previously healthy children and adolescents in New York City

This case series describes clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of 17 previously healthy SARS-CoV-2-infected children and adolescents who developed an inflammatory phenotype related to COVID-19 but distinct from Kawasaki disease (KD) and toxic shock syndrome (TSS).

All patients were under 21 years of age, were admitted to Columbia University Irving Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital in New York City between April 18 and May 5, 2020, presented with a clinical syndrome characterized by prolonged fever, systemic inflammation, shock, end-organ dysfunction, or symptoms reminiscent of KD or TSS, and had evidence of recent SARS-CoV-2.

Among the 17 patients:

  • 8 were male
  • The median age was 8 years [range, 1.8-16 years])
  • Most were white (n = 12) and were previously healthy (mild asthma in 3).
  • All patients had fever (median duration, 5 days)
  • 14 had gastrointestinal symptoms, with 1 showing acute ileocolitis on imaging
  • Mucocutaneous findings were common (rash [n = 12], conjunctivitis [n = 11], and lip redness/swelling [n = 9]
  • 3 patients were hypoxic at presentation
  • 13 had shock
  • 14 had abnormal chest radiograph findings, most commonly bilateral, interstitial opacities
  • 8 met criteria for KD and 5 for incomplete KD
  • 8 patients tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 by RT-PCR and the other 9 by serology
  • Levels of inflammatory markers were elevated in all patients
  • 16 had elevated serum IL-6 levels
  • 15 patients required pediatric intensive care unit admission

By May 20, after a mean total length of hospital stay of 7.1 (range, 3-18) days, all patients had been discharged home with no fatalities. However, the occurrence of abnormal cardiac findings suggests the need for long-term surveillance.

|2020-06-11T07:58:34-04:00June 10th, 2020|COVID-19 Literature|0 Comments

About the Author: Erika Cheng

Erika Cheng

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