Review: Characteristics of hospitalized pediatric COVID-19 cases — Chicago, Illinois, March – April 2020

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Review: Characteristics of hospitalized pediatric COVID-19 cases — Chicago, Illinois, March – April 2020

Review: Characteristics of hospitalized pediatric COVID-19 cases — Chicago, Illinois, March – April 2020

This case series found hospitalized pediatric patients infected with COVID-19 were significantly younger; more likely to have an underlying comorbidity or coinfection, and more likely to report fever and dyspnea, compared to non-hospitalized COVID-19 pediatric patients. Pediatric patients also likely to have a COVID-19 infected adult within their household. 

  • Study involved COVID-19 patients living in Chicago aged 0-17 years, who were reported to Chicago Department of Public Health (CDPH) from 3/5/20–4/8/20.
  • 6369 lab-confirmed cases of COVID-19 were reported, with only 64 (1.0%) were among children 0-17 years.
    • 10 patients (16%) were hospitalized
      • 7 (70%) required ICU
      • Of those hospitalized, all had an underlying comorbidity or co-infection
      • median length of hospitalization 4 days (range: 1–14).
  •  Among the 34 unique households with multiple laboratory-confirmed infections, median number of laboratory-confirmed infections was 2 (range: 2–5)
  • 2 (7%) had traveled to NYC within prior 14 days
  • 40 (64%) of children had at least one family member with COVID-19
  • 15 households with available data to assess transmission (transmission defined as one individual testing positive prior to another individual, which has limitations)
    • 11 (73%) were adult-to-child, 2 (13%) child-to-child, and 2 (13%) child-to-adult.

 

|2020-06-03T11:06:47-04:00June 2nd, 2020|COVID-19 Literature|0 Comments

About the Author: Megan McHenry

Megan McHenry
Megan S. McHenry, MD, MS, FAAP is a pediatrician and an Assistant Professor of Pediatrics in the Ryan White Center for Pediatric Infectious Disease and Global Health at Indiana University School of Medicine. Dr. McHenry's research focuses on early childhood development in children living in resource-limited settings. This work is frequently aligned with community-engaged research and dissemination and implementation science frameworks. She primarily conducts research in collaboration with the Academic Model for Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) Research Network in Kenya. Dr. McHenry currently has a career development award through the National Institutes of Health to develop a neurodevelopmental screening program for children born to HIV-infected mothers in Kenya. Dr. McHenry is also the Director of Pediatric Global Health Education and a co-Director of the Morris Green Physician-Scientist Development Program at Indiana University School of Medicine. In additional to global health lectures, she also educates residents and students on early childhood development, basic biostatistical techniques, research methodologies, and research ethics. She mentors multiple pediatric fellows, residents, and medical students interested in early childhood development within global contexts.

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